Paisaje: naturaleza y cultura

Farming practices

Farming has declined considerably in recent times and can be regarded as a marginal activity in the area of the Pyrenees-Monte Perdido World Heritage Site.

Nevertheless, it was an invaluable complement to the essentially livestock-based economy in the area.
Cereals were the principal crop grown in a fascinating annual cycle dominated by ploughing, sowing, reaping, threshing and winnowing.


One particular technique that is no longer pursued was known as xarticar, the preparation of small areas of uncultivated land for farming use by clearing away stones, breaking up the surface and burning fornigueros (bonfires) to provide fertiliser.
Farming activity was associated with a number of symbolic acts such as the blessing on 1 May, the erecting of crosses made of plants to ward off storms, and supplications during times of drought.