LA FALLETA DE SAN JUAN

UNESCO

LA FALLETA DE SAN JUAN

  • Fecha:2015
  • Reference:10.COM 10.b.3

LA FALLETA DE SAN JUAN


Inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.

 

This cultural event is unique to the Pyrenees and is preserved, in addition to San Juan de Plan, in some Aragonese towns in the regions of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza (Montanuy, Aneto, Castanesa, Bonansa, Laspaúles, Villarrué, Sahún), in Catalonia (Les, Arties, Pont de Suert, el (??), Casós, Llesp, Barruera, Taüll, Boí, Erill la Vall, Durro, Cerdanyola and Valencia d'Àneu), in France and Andorra.

In San Juan de Plan the celebration begins in the afternoon when the neighbors, in the same town, make tiedas (teas or torches), about one meter long and of various types, some use wire, others stick them in a green branch from where to grab it. With the tiedas still off, the people of the town go up the mountain to La Planeta Lafalla, next to the hermitage of San Mamés (formerly it was mandatory that at least one member of each house of San Juan should go, under penalty of fine imposed by the municipal authority).

In this part of the mountain, after l'escureziu (dusk) and formalized the protocol of fer a mueso and a gotet (take a bite and a drink), we proceed to the lighting of the hail fallaral (huge bonfire) and the horn touch each which catches its tie taking the fire of the gigantic bonfire. Then they start a walk from the periphery of the San Juan de Plan district to the town (along the historic road that joins San Juan with San Mamés), setting up strapaluzio and roar: sound of the horn at the head of the procession, whistles, howls, bells church, ...

 

From the bridge over the river Zinqueta, the run of La Falleta will start. After crossing the steep streets of the village ends at the cemetery gate, which must reach the tiedas still on to form a fire. The first to arrive received a pair of abarcas (covers). Currently the winner is receive a branded shoes.

And the loop closes. The ancestral rite of fire is completed by depositing it with the ancestors for another year.

 


The declaration as Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 2015 is a recognition for all generations that over the years have lowered their "failures" maintaining this tradition. The National Plan for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage establishes a series of characteristics of this type of heritage, all of which are easily identifiable in this worldwide recognized event:

  • Internalized in individuals and communities and is part of their identity.
  • Shared by the members of a community.
  • Live and dynamic.
  • Transmitted and recreated.
  • Transmitted since childhood.
  • Preserved traditionally by the community.
  • It is part of the collective memory alive, as a socially constructed reality.
  • It is felt as an experience.
  • Interconnected with the material dimension of culture.
  • Usually contextualized in a time and in a spatial framework.
  • It develops and experiences in the present tense.
  • Refers to the individual and collective biography.
  • Imbricated in the forms of life.
  • Does not support copying.
  • It is ritualized.
  • Constitutes an experience from a sensory perspective.
  • Regenerative effect in the social order.
  • It is vulnerable.

 

 


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