World Heritage

World Heritage

What is World Heritage?

This convention is an international treaty approved by the United Nations Education, Science and Culture Organization (UNESCO) that provides a framework for identifying, protecting and preserving cultural and natural heritage of outstanding value to humanity around the world.
By focusing on both the cultural and natural aspects of our heritage, the convention reflects the interaction between humankind and nature, as well as the need to maintain the balance between them.

How did the concept of World Heritage come into being?

The concept of World Heritage developed in 1972 in a context in which it was becoming ever more obvious that cultural and natural heritage around the world was in grave danger: in addition to the risks posed by the passing of time, there were now other threats deriving from the dizzying pace of social and economic change worldwide.

Given that the disappearance of a cultural asset constitutes an impoverishment of all the peoples of the world and in the light of the fact that protection at a national and local level was often inadequate, UNESCO organised the Paris Convention in 1972 in order to preserve this legacy for future generations.


What is the fundamental objective of the convention?

The fundamental goal of the convention is to preserve, advance and raise awareness of cultural and natural heritage at a global level and to promote international aid to safeguard and preserve it.